Exploring Debian Live On Bootable CD/DVD/USB Thumb Drive

The Experiment: In this experiment explore Debian and make a bootable Debian Live CD/DVD/USB Thumb Drive. All this Linux stuff will definitely be a new learning experience. This content on this page for reference use only.

Table of Contents
1. Get the Debian Live Instalation Package
Which package to download amd64 or i386 ?
Which Debian Live ISO-hybrid to download ?
2. Making a bootable Debian Live CD/DVD
3. Making a Bootable Debian Live USB Thumb Drive
4. Booting Debian Live from a Thumb Drive



Get the Debian  Live Installation Package
First we need to download a Debian Live Installation package from the Debian website. This was a little confusing, there were two download options. amd64 and i386.
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Which package to download amd64 or i386 ?
Definition: amd64: Most commonly seen as a suffix to binary packages to be installed on a Linux system. It simply means that the package was designed to be installed on any x86 class machines, or x64 a 64-bit processor architecture invented by AMD. AMD64 is designed to enable simultaneous 32- and 64-bit computing with no degradation in performance.

Definition: i386: Most commonly seen as a suffix to binary packages to be installed on a Linux system. It simply means that the package was designed to be installed on on any x86 class machine.

To be save I selected under CD/DVD/USB i386 from the Debian Live install Images web-page. Now on the Debian Index of /debian-cd/current-live/i386/iso-hybrid web-page it gets even more confusing to someone who has never had any Linux experience.
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Which Debian Live ISO-hybrid to download ?
debian-live-7.7.0-i386-gnome-desktop.iso
debian-live-7.7.0-i386-kde-desktop.iso
debian-live-7.7.0-i386-lxde-desktop.iso
debian-live-7.7.0-i386-rescue.iso
debian-live-7.7.0-i386-standard.iso
debian-live-7.7.0-i386-xfce-desktop.iso

What I discovered after searching Google was that the name after the i386 was the desktop include, i.e. gnome, kde, rescue, standard, xfce. The standard package includes no desktop, still have not figured out what is in the rescue package. So I downloaded the debian-live-7.7.0-i386-lxde-desktop.iso because that’s is the desktop installed in Raspberry Pi NOOBS package.
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Making a bootable Debian Live CD/DVD
Note: I am doing this on a Windows 7 64bit PC
1. Insert a CD or DVD into the CD/DVD drive
2. Double click the Debian Live .iso file
3. Window Disk Image Burner will launch
4. Check Verify disc after burning
5. Right click Burn

That was pretty easy, now we have a bootable Debian Live CD or DVD in most PC
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Making a Bootable Debian Live USB Thumb Drive
This is a little more work then making a CD/DVD
Note: I am doing this on a Windows 7 64bit PC
1. Download the Win32DiskImager utility
2. Un-Zip Win32DiskImager utility
3. Rename the Debian Live package file extension from .iso to .img
4. Plug the USB Thumb drive in a USB port (remember the drive letter)
5. Launch Win32 Disk Imager
6. Select the Image file Debian Live .img
7. Select the Device (the USB Thumb drive letter)
8. Leave Copy unchecked
9. Right click Write

That wasn’t to bad, now we have a bootable Debian Live thumb drive

Optional: This is better option then using windows format to format SD card’s.
Download, SD Formatter from SD Association. Use only to formatting SD card’s. You will need to set “FORMAT SIZE ADJUSTMENT” option to “ON” in the “Options” menu to ensure that the entire SD card volume is formatted, and not just a single partition.
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Booting Debian Live from a Thumb Drive
This is a little tricky because not all PC have the option in BIOS to boot from USB. So there is a another very easy option, but it requires another piece of freeware called PLoP Boot Manager Download the latest version.
Note: I am doing this on a Windows 7 64bit PC
1. Double click the PLoP Boot Manager .zip file and only extract the plbpt.iso
2. Insert a CD or DVD into the CD/DVD drive
4. Double click the plbpt.iso file
3. Window Disk Image Burner will launch
4. Check Verify disc after burning
5. Right click Burn

1. Now place the PLoP Boot Manager CD or DVD in the PC CD/DVD drive
2. Plug the USB Thumb drive in the USB port
3. Turn the PC On
4. On the PLoP Boot Manager screen down-arrow select USB <enter>
5. On the Debian screen option to Install or Run Debian from the USB  Thumb drive

That’s it…
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